Best Spine & Neuro  Care In India

Best Spine & Neuro Care In India

Procedures Brain Surgeries VP Shunt

When the normal flow of this fluid gets disturbed, it starts getting accumulated and creates pressure on the brain's tissues, leading to serious harm to the brain. This problem can affect anyone of any age.

During the procedure, a device called VP shunt is placed inside the brain ventricles. The device then exudes the additional fluid into the peritoneal cavity where the fluid gets absorbed thereafter.

Fluid accumulation occurs due majorly due to -

Patients commonly feel following symptoms when there is fluid build up:

  • Increased head size
  • Headache and seizures
  • Loss of appetite and excessive sleeping
  • Loss of memory and impaired vision

Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) Shunt Procedure

What happens during the procedure?

Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) Shunt Procedure In India

Recovery

Patients are asked to lie flat for initial 24 hours after the procedure and then with the help of medical attendant they are made to sit. Depending upon the condition and speed of recovery, he or she may get discharged in 3 to 4 days.

Medical and nursing team are there for close monitoring and they give antibiotics, pain killers and IV fluid during the post op stay in the hospital.

At the time of discharge, patient and attendant is given special instructions regarding taking care of shunt at home and preventing it from infection.

Risks involved in VP Shunting Procedure

Common risks associated with this procedure include -

  • Bleeding and infection at the surgical site
  • Infection of the shunt
  • Blood clotting
  • Internal bleeding in the brain
  • Damage to brain tissues during procedure
  • Swelling in the brain

Though these complications are rare but need to be avoided with the expert advice of the surgical team and regular follow up.

The treating doctor needs to be contacted immediately in case of following symptoms:

  • Headache
  • Pain in the stomach or incision site of brain and stomach
  • High fever
  • Increased blood pressure

VP Shunting Procedure In India

Malfunction of VP Shunt

Please note that VP shunt can malfunction or get clogged over a period of time. And if the shunt doesn't work properly, it would be unable to drain the excess fluid out of brain and thus lead to increased pressure on the brain again.

Therefore, it is essential to understand what are the indicative signs and symptoms of shunt malfunctioning:

In all the above cases, treating doctor needs to immediately informed. He will examine the patient and get some investigations done to decide further treatment line in such a situation.

In case of children, the shunt will require to be changed time and again. With the growing age and body, child will need longer shunt.

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